Marathon Training 2019 Day 30: Hill Sprints: Great for Running Performance and Minimizing Injury-Risk

“When your desires are strong enough you will appear to possess superhuman powers to achieve.” – Napoleon Hill

This morning I incorporated two 8-second (2 x 8-second) hill sprints for the first time in my training for this year. I performed these towards the end of my run. In between hill sprints I walked back down the hill for my recovery. The hill had an incline of ~8% and I could definitely feel it in my legs! See the Recommendation and Tip of the Day sections for more information. I did an easy jog afterwards for about 5 minutes. The I performed the following exercises:

  • Leg swings forward and back with both straight and bent leg (10 repetitions of each for each leg)
  • Leg swings side-to-side with both straight and bent leg (10 repetitions of each for each leg)
  • Single-leg stand (~45 seconds for each leg)
  • Pushups (10 repetitions)
  • Monster walks side-to-side and forward and back (done with resistance band, 10 repetitions for each direction)
  • Prone planks (~40 seconds)
  • Side planks (~30 seconds)
  • Supine planks (~20 seconds)
  • Clamshells (20 repetitions on each side)
  • Y, T, I, and W (10 repetitions for each position)
  • Double leg hip bridges (10 repetitions)
  • Quadrupeds (15 repetitions on each side)
  • Toe yoga (10 repetitions times for each foot)
  • Fire hydrants (10 repetitions on each side)
  • Knee circles forward (10 repetitions for each leg)
  • Knee circles backward (10 repetitions for each leg)
  • Single-leg balance (~30 seconds for each leg)

Then, I spent ~10 minutes with static stretching for the hamstrings and calves, and lacrosse ball rolling on the plantar fascia.

Recommendations: For intermediate and advanced runners, you might want to begin incorporating hill sprints in your training after 2-4 weeks of easy-paced running, depending on the amount of time you have taken off from running. For beginners and those who have taken a significant amount of time off from running (three months or more) you might want to wait until at least 8 weeks of easy-paced running before including hill sprints. I would perform only 1-2 x 8-second hill sprints for your first session with a walking recovery.

If you haven’t done so, I recommend opting in on the Welcome Page to receive a fitness training program, which includes hill sprints for some of the runs.

Tip of the Day: Hill sprints strengthen all of the running muscles, especially quadriceps, glutes, claves, making a runner much less prone to injury. Hill sprints are also beneficial in that they increase the power and efficiency of the stride, enabling a runner to cover more ground with each stride with less energy during races. Therefore, I recommend incorporating hill sprints into your training program. However, it is important to incorporate hill sprints in an appropriate and progressive way which allows for proper recovery. This includes allowing at least three days of recovery between hill sprint sessions.

For intermediate and advanced runners, I recommend performing hill sprints on a hill or treadmill with a 6-8% incline. For beginner runners, I recommend performing hill sprints on a hill or treadmill with a 4-6% incline. Do not jog back down the hill for recovery, walk instead. This will minimize the stress on your joints. Fully recover between hill sprints before performing the next one.

If you experience pain, especially in any joints while performing hill sprints, stop immediately and seek help from a qualified healthcare professional. Hill sprints should not cause pain.

Please let me know if you have any questions, or if I can be of help in any way.

Have fun with hill sprints!

Your friend and coach,

Brian

Reference:

  • Run Faster From 5k to Marathon. Brad Hudson and Matt Fitzgerald. Broadway Books: New York, 2008.
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